Версия фреймворка: 8.x 5.4 4.2 4.0

Basic Database Usage

Configuration

Laravel makes connecting with databases and running queries extremely simple. The database configuration file is app/config/database.php. In this file you may define all of your database connections, as well as specify which connection should be used by default. Examples for all of the supported database systems are provided in this file.

Currently Laravel supports four database systems: MySQL, Postgres, SQLite, and SQL Server.

Running Queries

Once you have configured your database connection, you may run queries using the DB class.

Running A Select Query

$results = DB::select('select * from users where id = ?', array(1));

The select method will always return an array of results.

Running An Insert Statement

DB::insert('insert into users (id, name) values (?, ?)', array(1, 'Dayle'));

Running An Update Statement

DB::update('update users set votes = 100 where name = ?', array('John'));

Running A Delete Statement

DB::delete('delete from users');
Note: The update and delete statements return the number of rows affected by the operation.

Running A General Statement

DB::statement('drop table users');

You may listen for query events using the DB::listen method:

Listening For Query Events

DB::listen(function($sql, $bindings, $time)
{
	//
});

Database Transactions

To run a set of operations within a database transaction, you may use the transaction method:

DB::transaction(function()
{
	DB::table('users')->update(array('votes' => 1));

	DB::table('posts')->delete();
});

Accessing Connections

When using multiple connections, you may access them via the DB::connection method:

$users = DB::connection('foo')->select(...);

You may also access the raw, underlying PDO instance:

$pdo = DB::connection()->getPdo();

Sometimes you may need to reconnect to a given database:

DB::reconnect('foo');

Query Logging

By default, Laravel keeps a log in memory of all queries that have been run for the current request. However, in some cases, such as when inserting a large number of rows, this can cause the application to use excess memory. To disable the log, you may use the disableQueryLog method:

DB::connection()->disableQueryLog();

To get an array of the executed queries, you may use the getQueryLog method:

   $queries = DB::getQueryLog();